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Culturally Diverse Wales

The iron, copper, coal and slate industries in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries attracted workers from England, Scotland and Ireland. The transport network which developed to serve this industry - canals, railways, roads and bridges - were built with both local and migrant labour, and communities around the busy ports of Wales included people from around the world. The two World Wars brought refugees and evacuees, and Wales became home temporarily and permanently, to Belgium, Polish, Italians, Ugandan, Vietnamese and many other nationalities. The movement of migrant settlers to Wales has continued to the present day. This exciting history is reflected in the group of images below which each tell a story.