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GLENBY

Site Details

© Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey licence number 0100022206

NPRN 274830

Map Reference SM46SE

Grid Reference SM4967364559

Unitary (Local) Authority Maritime

Old County Maritime

Community Maritime

Type of Site WRECK

Broad Class MARITIME

Period Modern

Site Description Archaeological remains associated with the loss of this vessel are not confirmed as present at this location, but may possibly be in the vicinity.

Event and Historical Information:
The GLENBY was a steel-hulled steamship built by Sir R Ropner & Sons, Stockton-Upon-Tees, in 1900. Technical and configuration specifications are given as 2196gt, 1404nt; 277ft 8in length x 39ft 5in breadth x 16ft 1in depth; 1 deck, 4 bulkheads, passenger deck 27ft, quarterdeck 32ft; screw propulsion powered by twin steam boilers linked to a triple expansion engine producing 188hp, made by Blair & Co Ltd., Stockton. At time of loss, the vessel was owned by Sir R Ropner & Sons Ltd, and registered at West Hartlepool. On 17 August 1915, the GLENBY was transporting a cargo of coal from Cardiff to Archangel under the command of master W Crighton. It was sunk by gunfire 30 miles north of the Smalls by the German submarine U38 under the command of Max Valentiner. The boatswain, C Neilson (age 21) and donkeyman, Ernest Hall, were killed. The GLENBY and KIRKBY (NPRN 274829), both owned by Ropner, were amongst 10 vessels sunk on 17 August by U38. The U-boat had begun its patrol in April in the North Sea, passing north around Scotland to then come south to cruise between southern Ireland and Ushant, France. This patrol accounted for 5 trawlers, 3 sailing vessels and 22 merchant ships. Max Valentiner and U38 go on to be amongst the five most successful commanders and German submarines of the Great War.

Sources include:
Goddard, T, 1983, Pembrokeshire Shipwrecks, pg102
HMSO, 1988, British Vessels Lost at Sea 1914-18 and 1939-45, pg9
Koerver, H J, (ed), 2012, German Submarine Warfare 1914-18 in the eyes of British Intelligence, pg175
Larn and Larn Shipwreck Database 2002
Lloyds Register of British and Foreign Shipping 1 July 1915 - 30 June 1916, number 470 in G
Mercantile Navy List, 1910, pg 203
Mercantile Navy List, 1915, pg 234

www resources:
GLENBY, http://www.uboat.net/wwi/ships_hit/2520.html
https://www.peoplescollection.wales/items/468344

Maritime Officer, RCAHMW, February 2019.