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WELL STREET, NO 1, HOLYWELL

Site Details

© Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey licence number 0100022206

NPRN 36300

Map Reference SJ17NE

Grid Reference SJ1852075980

Unitary (Local) Authority Flintshire

Old County Flintshire

Community Holywell

Type of Site DWELLING

Broad Class DOMESTIC

Period Post Medieval

Site Description No. 1, Well Street, Holywell, Flints is a mid-C18th, brick-built, rendered, 3-storey, town-house, with 4 window façade, and an early-19th century, 2 ½ storey rear-wing, all built on a stone plinth. The façade's first and ground-floor sash windows have sandstone details, including fluted keystones, sills, moulded lintels, and copings to gable. Behind the rendering of its right front gable-end, are remnants of a tie-beam collar truss and a principal-post partition, of early-17th century form. This defines a former 2-storey timber-frame structure, one of few known in Holywell.

The present ground-floor plan has an off-centre entry with six-panel door with narrow fan-light, and 3 transverse ceiling-beams with diagonal cut stops. The central beam is boxed, possibly on the line of a former partition dividing the space into two rooms. Although the interior is modernized a fireplace opening in the rear right lateral wall is served by a corner chimney stack. A doorway in this wall leads into the modernised rear-wing, which has a diagonal-set fireplace (blocked) at the right end-corner, and used the same stack. The rear-wing is divided into two rooms by a central partition with doorway. A stair, of uncertain date, rising in the left end, is reached externally from the alley and provides access to all the floors. A timber-frame casement window of two-lights (blocked in brick) over this entrance retains evidence for leaded lights, held by horizontal iron bars, one light formerly with an opening metal frame. A window opening in the gable-end of this wing was probably also of the same type.

Timber-frame truss-partition
The main front gable-end wall on the interior of the second floor retains remnants of a collar truss. Other remnants are visible externally, including the principal-post, which has a tapered and jowled head and a short diagonal brace to its tie-beam. There are mortises for a girding-beam at former first-floor level, both across and lengthwise. The post has been cut back below these mortices. An external mortise for a rail indicates the timber-frame structure continued beyond the present gable-end. The only carpenter's assembly mark was an arrow shape on the principal-post at the tie-beam. There are auger holes for staves, and there were probably large wattle and daub panels as there are no visible mortises for studs or a mid-rail.

Development
1, Late- 16th century timber-framed
structure of 2-storeys, and of 2/3-bays wide.
2, A mid-18th century, 3-storey, sash-window fronted brick building of 2-bays on a stone plinth, replaced the timber-frame structure.
3, Brick rear-wing added in the early-19th century on a stone plinth.
4. Blocking of timber casement window to rear wing in late-19thcentury
5, Mid-20th centry internal modernization with partition to stair and some replacement of brickwork to front facade.

Geoff Ward, visited, 18/10/2007.

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