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Site Details

NPRN 17230

Map Reference SN72NW

Grid Reference SN74392776

Unitary (Local) Authority Carmarthenshire

Old County Carmarthenshire

Community Llangadog

Type of Site FARMHOUSE

Broad Class DOMESTIC

Period Post Medieval

Site Description Coed-weddus is an upland farmstead which retains a relatively unaltered late seventeenth or early eighteenth century stone-built, thatched, scarfed-cruck, one and a half-storey-storey farmhouse, situated down the slope from a three-unit long-house. There are adjacent detached early-nineteenth century farm buildings, similarly situated, now with new roof timbers and covered by corrugated-iron.

The farmhouse has a typical hearth-passage entry in the lower-unit alongside the back of the fireplace. The cross-passage space is defined by a wattle and lime partition with stair beyond a wide lobby all of the early-nineteenth century period. A doorway in the partition leads to the present parlour-room, which has an end fireplace, plaster ceiling and a 12-pane sash-window. The kitchen, or hall, is entered up a step on to a cobbled floor at the side of the hearth. This room has two transverse ceiling-beams, anearly-nineteenth century timber-frame to a splayed window opening at the front and a small splayed original timber window-frame, lighting the fireplace at rear. This window has a mortice for a central diamond mullion and glass rebates to locate former leaded lights. The large open fireplace has a chamfered and diagonal cut stop to its timber lintel and splayed sides with later brickwork to bread oven on left side. There is also a later brick cooking-oven to the right side with iron hinged doorway and a fireplace with iron grill to centre right. There are cross-timbers in the chimney, formerly used to support cooking utensils.

The ceiling-beams are roughly adzed to create a square section, as are the square-section rectangular joists. They are smoke-blackened. Along half the length of the upper ceiling-beam are a series of soffit peg holes and two rebates for central doorway posts, indicating the line of a former wattle partition, perhaps a small pantry within the upper end of this room. A later board-partition attached to a further ceiling-beam separates the kitchen, or hall, from the Dairy (the former parlour). There is a stone arched fireplace in the blocked end. This room has a slab-floor, and was formerly a parlour, but now has a series of slates on columns for use as a dairy. There is a window to the front with splay only on one side and later frame, as though widened. The ceiling hastwentieth century joists supported on boxed ceiling-beams at each end of the room.

The two pairs of scarfed-crucks supporting the roof are only in the kitchen and dairy unit's at the upper end. There is a later collar and tie-beam truss to the lower unit. Both parts are straw thatched. The scarf- joints are held by 3 soffit pegs and the crucks are held by pegged lap-collars and lap-yokes with clasped ridge-purlins. The 2 pairs of side-purlins are held by cleft-pegs and carry pole-rafters with diagonally woven wattle, which support an under-thatch of oak leaves and bracken. The scarfed-cruck bases are visible in the kitchen, seated on pad stones, about 20cm from the floor, while the scarfed joints are more visible in the dairy. The scarf-joints project externally at the rear, suggesting the wall has been re-built.

The later parlour lower unit has a central tie-beam and lap collar-truss, with lap at apex and halved oak poles flat to underside. The rafters are supported by 3 straight side-purlins held by cleft pegs and ridge with a bracken under-thatch. The tie-beam acts as a ceiling-beam and is boxed and plastered.

The Fist-floor/attic is reached by a dog-leg stair with plain hand-rail and board partition opposite the main entry. The attic is lit by a gable-end window at each end, the lower end having a similar sash window to the parlour below. Access from the lower to upper unit is through a low stone opening, which may be secondary.

The whole range is a unique survival of a house type probably once common in this area and now mostly destroyed or re-built beyond recognition.

Geoff Ward, RCAHMW, 1 September 2005.

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