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Site Details

© Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey licence number 0100022206

NPRN 274828

Map Reference SH07NW

Grid Reference SH0159277499

Unitary (Local) Authority Maritime

Old County Maritime

Community Maritime

Type of Site WRECK

Broad Class MARITIME

Period Post Medieval

Site Description Archaeological remains associated with the loss of this vessel are not confirmed as present at this location, but may be in the vicinity.

Event and Historical Information:
The PAROS (ex-RICHMOND CASTLE) was a steel hulled steamship built in 1898 by W Pickersgill & Sons, Sunderland. Technical and configuration specifications are given as 3576gt, 2298nt; 350ft length x 46ft breadth x 17ft height; single deck; 6 bulkheads; poop deck 31ft; boat deck 102ft; forecastle 33ft; Screw propulsion linked to 3cyl triple expansion engine producing 314 horsepower; machinery by G. Clark Ltd., Sunderland. At time of loss the PAROS was registered at London and had been requisitioned by the Admiralty. It was being operated by Turner, Brightman & Co, London. On 17 August 1915, the vessel was carrying wheat from Karachi to Manchester when it was torpedoed by German submarine U-38. The loss location is given as 30 miles north-northwest of Bardsey Island. The PAROS was amongst 10 vessels sunk on 17 August by U38. The U-boat had begun its patrol in April in the North Sea, passing north around Scotland to then come south to cruise between southern Ireland and Ushant, France. This patrol accounted for 5 trawlers, 3 sailing vessels and 22 merchant ships. Max Valentiner and U38 go on to be amongst the five most successful commanders and German submarines of the Great War.

Sources include:
HMSO, 1988, British Vessels Lost at Sea 1914-18 and 1939-45, pg9
Koerver, H J, (ed), 2012, German Submarine Warfare 1914-18 in the eyes of British Intelligence, pg175
Larn and Larn Shipwreck Database 2002
Lloyds Register of British and Foreign Shipping, 1 July 1915- 30 June 1916, number 176 in P
Tennant, A J, 1990, British Merchant Ships Sunk by U-Boats in the 1914-1918 War, pg224

WWW resources include:

Maritime Officer, RCAHMW, February 2019.