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The Queen

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Map ReferenceSM77NW
Grid ReferenceSM7375877637
Unitary (Local) AuthorityMaritime
Old CountyMaritime
Type Of SiteWRECK
Period20th Century

Archaeological remains associated with the loss of this vessel are not confirmed as present at this location, but may possibly be in the vicinity.

Event and Historical Information:
THE QUEEN was a steel-hulled steamship built by the Ailsa Shipbuilding Company, Troon, in 1897 (yard number 65). Technical and configuration specifications are given as 557gt, 218nt; 175ft long x 27ft breadth x 10ft 2in depth; machinery aft; 1 deck (weather deck), 3 bulkheads, quarterdeck 99ft, boat deck 9ft, forecastle 34ft; screw propulsion powered by a single boiler linked to a compound engine producing 80hp made by Muir & Houston Ltd, Glasgow; official number 108682. THE QUEEN was owned at time of loss by J Hay & Sons, Glasgow, and was transporting coal from Ayr to Devonport under the command of master D Macalister. The collier was stopped by the German submarine U38 commanded by Kapitanleutnant Max Valentiner. The crew were forced to abandon ship without loss of life, after which the ship was sunk by gunfire 40miles north northeast of the Smalls. THE QUEEN was one of 10 vessels sunk by U38 on the same day - 17 August 1915. The U-boat had begun its patrol in April in the North Sea, passing north around Scotland to cruise between southern Ireland and Ushant, France. This patrol accounted for 5 trawlers, 3 sailing vessels and 22 merchant ships. Max Valentiner and U38 would go on to be amongst the five most successful commanders and German submarines of the Great War.


Sources include:

Goddard, T, 1993, Pembrokeshire Shipwrecks, p.102
Great War at Sea: The QUEEN sunk 17 August 1915, People's Collection Wales
Koerver, H J, (ed), 2012, German Submarine Warfare 1914-18 in the eyes of British Intelligence, p.175
Mercantile Navy List 1900, p.288
Mercantile Navy List 1910, p.414
Mercantile Navy List 1915, p.480
Larn and Larn Shipwreck Database 2002
Lloyd's Register Casualty Returns, 1 July - 30 September 1915, p.9 (i)
Lloyd's Register of British and Foreign Shipping, 1 July 1915 - 30 June 1916, number 538 in T
U-Boat Project: Commemorating the War at Sea
UK Hydrographic Office Wrecks and Obstructions Database. ? Crown Copyright and database rights. Reproduced by permission of the Controller of Her Majesty's Stationery Office and the UK Hydrographic Office (

Maritime Officer, RCAHMW, February 2019.

This record was enhanced in 2020 with funding from Lloyd's Register Foundation as part of the project ‘Making the Link: Lloyd's Register and the National Monuments Record of Wales’. Visit Lloyd’s Register Foundation Heritage and Education Centre for more resources.