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Cardiff Docks, Cardiff

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NPRN91412
Map ReferenceST17SE
Grid ReferenceST1928374283
Unitary (Local) AuthorityCardiff
Old CountyGlamorgan
CommunityButetown
Type Of SiteDOCKYARD
PeriodPost Medieval
Description
The Glamorganshire Canal (nprn 34425) of 1798 brought iron from Merthyr Tydfil for export through the then small port attached to the village of Cardiff. Cardiff expanded rapidly from the 1830s onwards and became the main port for exports of coal from the Cynon, Rhondda, and Rhymney valleys, growing at a rate of nearly eighty per cent each decade between 1840 and 1870. To meet the increased demand for shipping facilities the Bute West Dock (nprn 34257) was opened in 1839, enclosing 7.7ha of water; it is now filled in and built over and the entrance basin (nprn 34288) is the Roald Dahl Plasse and a public space. Bute East Dock opened in 1859 and eventually enclosed 18.2ha; much of this survives as an isolated stretch of water, with a bonded warehouse (nprn 34244) at its north end. The docks continued expanding with the Roath Basin (nprn 305754), Roath Dock (nprn 34279) in 1887 and finally the Queen Alexandra Dock (nprn 34276) twenty years later. These parts of the dock are still in use commercially and the dock structures themselves are important historic features. In 1888 the docks were transferred from the Bute Estate to the Bute Dock Co. and then, in 1897 to the Cardiff Railway Co. A result of this was the pierhead building (nprn 34241) of 1896, alongside the West Dock Basin (nprn 34288), which housed the dock offices. To the west of the pierhead is Mountstuart Square where shipping and coal companies had their offices. Much has been demolished but the centre of the square is occupied by the Coal Exchange (nprn 31766), now used for functions, although its trading floor remains. In this area are the Custom House, Pilotage Building, a hydraulic accumulator station, graving docks and the Norwegian Church.
(Source: A Guide to the Industrial Archaeology of South East Wales, AIA, 2003)
B.A.Malaws, RCAHMW, 14 October 2008.
Resources
DownloadTypeSourceDescription
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of a level 0 floor plan of the proposed development.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of an annotated OS Second Edition map of 1901, showing the proposed development site at Bayscape, Cambrian Marina, Cardiff Bay.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of an annotated OS 1940-1942 Edition map, showing the proposed development site at Bayscape, Cambrian Marina, Cardiff Bay.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of map showing archaeological sites, scheduled ancient monuments and listed buildings near the proposed development site at Bayscape, Cambrian Marina, Cardiff Bay.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of an R.A.F Aerial photograph, 1947, centered on the study area.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of an R.A.F Aerial photograph, post 1980, centered on the study area.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of an annotated OS First Edition map of 1878-1881, showing the proposed development site at Bayscape, Cambrian Marina, Cardiff Bay.
application/mswordCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveA summary table of predicted direct effect of proposed development on Cultural heritage features within study area and a summary table of predicted in-direct effects of proposed development on High Value cultural heritage features within 1km radius.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of site plan of the propsed development at Bayscape, Cambrian Marina, Cardiff Bay.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveThree digital photographs of Ely Tidal Harbour Coal Staithe number one.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of a map showing the location of the propsed development at Bayscape, Cardiff Bay.
application/pdfRAB - Richard A. Batt CollectionScanned copies, in a PDF document, of paintings and drawings of Cardiff Docks, which compliment the photographic archive produced by Richard A. Batt.
application/pdfRAB - Richard A. Batt CollectionDigital version of a photographic record, entitled "Images of Cardif Docks from 1981-2011, by Richard A. Batt, a Photographic Archive of the Transition and Development of the Cardiff Docks Area". The record includes comparitive photographs of sites before and after demolition/regeneration, artistic interpretations of the views, and a cartographic key to the photographs.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of an annotated OS 1965 edition map showing the study area.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of a level 1 floor plan of the proposed development.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of an application site plan of the propsed development at Bayscape, Cambrian Marina, Cardiff Bay.
application/pdfRCAHMW ExhibitionsBilingual exhibition panel entitled Butetown: Ddoe a Heddiw; Butetown: Yesterday and Today produced by RCAHMW 2013.
application/mswordCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveEnvironmental impact statement for Bayscape, Watkiss Way, Cardiff Bay.
application/mswordCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveNon-technical summary which briefly describes the archaeology and history of the study area and summarises the results of the archaeological assessment of the proposed application site in the area of Watkiss Way, Cardiff Bay.
application/pdfCAP - Cambrian Archaeological Projects ArchiveDigital copy of an annotated OS 1984 Edition map, showing the proposed development site at Bayscape, Cambrian Marina, Cardiff Bay.