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BROWNSLADE ROUND BARROW, CASTLEMARTIN

Manylion y Safle

© Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey licence number 0100022206

NPRN 94225

Cyfeirnod Map SR99NW

Cyfeirnod Grid SR90529722

Awdurdod Lleol Sir Penfro

Hen Sir Penfro

Cymuned Castlemartin

Math o Safle CRUG CRWN

Cyfnod Amlgyfnod

Disgrifiad o´r Safle This early medieval cemetery lies within an area of blown sand some 700m inland from the Brownslade/Linney Burrows dune systems. 1.6km south-west of St Michael and All Angels Church, whose site may be early medieval in origin. 550m north-east of a large Iron Age enclosure (NPRN 94106) and 660m north-north-west of a smaller Iron Age enclosure(NPRN 94224). Excavations were first undertaken in the 1880s. Due to severe badger disturbance he site was excavated in 2006. Following excavation the on-site badger sett which had disturbed the burials was relocated close by, and the barrow then fenced and restored. A fragmentary cross-carved stone, Castemartin 2 (NPRN 422366) was found within the barrow during the 1880 excavation. It is thought to have functioned as an early medieval or later grave marker.

The site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, the barrow mound itself measuring some 40m x 30m. The cemetery was found to span several cemeteries, radiocarbon dates providing a date range from AD 5430 to AD940. A stone grave marker, thought to have been shaped by pecking, was found at the head of one of the graves. 219 sherds of medieval and post-medieval pottery dating from the 12th century onwards was recovered from topsoil and badger-disturbed deposits. A rectangular stone building measuring 6m x 4m, but excavation failed to reveal a date or function. Excavation revealed 52 individuals associated with simple dug graves and cist graves.

Sources include:
Dyfed Archaeological Trust, 2003, Early Medieval Ecclesiastical Sites Project, Pembrokeshire gazetteerGroom, P. Schlee, D. & Ludlow, N. 2011, ‘Two early medieval cemeteries in Pembrokeshire: Brownslade and West Angle Bay’, Archaeologia Cambrensis 160, 133–203

N Vousden, 17 November 2017

Delweddau Digidol

Chofnodion Archifol